Pretty sure the resisters were acting as pull-ups. Sorry I misunderstood and thought perhaps the eeprom you mentioned as something on board the BPI-R2. I am running 4.14 compiled after a checkout from your repo. I do see error -110 in the dmesg output after attempting to insert the device via echo > new_device.
I might just try grabbing another module designed for a RPI where everything is expecting 3v logic based on your clarification, as I don’t have anything else to test this module out with.